Conventional tillage techniques can only partially optimize soil functions:
• Working and adding soil improvers can increase the softness of the soil, contributing to the deepeningmof the roots.
• The addition of fertilizers (fertilizers, soil improvers, corrective agents) and irrigation are operationsmthat, adequately integrated into a methodology that uses synergy, improve the trophic conditionsmof the soil.
• Traditional cultivation techniques have a signicant impact on the telluric ecosystem, transforming it into an agroecosystem. Natural soil goes back to the culminating stage, when biodiversity is able to maintain internal balance and guarantee the natural depletion of the ow of matter and energy.
Advantages over traditional cultivation
Groundless cultivation has obvious advantages in ecological situations where the substrate is not able to optimally grow the crop, and less use of water to produce the same result, by about one-tenth compared to tillage, making this system particularly useful in cases where environmental situations where water scarcity makes cultivation dicult or even impossible.
The ecological aspect should not be underestimated, since fertilizers are used purposefully, andthere is no dispersion in the soil; the use of herbicides is absent, and the use of pesticides is significantly reduced.
Currently, organic fertilizers are available on the market, which make it possible to obtain an organic product using a hydroponic system. In terms of quality, the product demonstrates uniformity of size and characteristics, as well as consistent organoleptic qualities throughout production,qualities necessary for an organized distribution among fruit and vegetable producers.